How To Install Roof Shingles

Published Jul 08, 20
5 min read

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When it's time to change your roof, the amount of details readily available can be frustrating. Lots of sites and videos go into fantastic information on how to shingle a roofing system. This post from the experts at IKO Roofing will help you understand all of it by highlighting the fundamental steps and describing the basic function for each roof part.

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The next time you check out the plan instructions or see a how-to video on YouTube, you'll have a much better understanding of why roof shingles are installed the method they are. Working at heights on a roofing system provides fall hazard risks and other security issues. IKO recommends that roof work be done by certified experts who know the very best method to shingle a roofing system and have been totally trained in all aspects of roof building and construction security.

Asphalt roofing shingles simply depend on the force of gravity to shed water from rain or snow melt. If the roofing system shingles and all accessory roofing parts are set up and overlapped with this in mind, the roof must successfully shed water. In the dictionary, "to shingle" is specified as "to set out or set up so as to overlap." So now let's take a look at the series of overlapping roof building components to see how this applies.

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Having a clean, flat deck surface area will assist guarantee that the freshly shingled roof will similarly appear smooth and flat when completed. Not only are we working from the bottom of the roofing system, we're also beginning with the bottom-most layer, in terms of roof components - installing shingles. The asphalt roofing shingles are the visible part and the very first line of defense versus harsh weather condition, but what's below them really counts.

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It actually offers a tidy, sharp edge for the start of the roofing and safeguards the lower edge of the roofing deck from water damage by avoiding water from "defying gravity" and wicking back "up" prior to it leaves the roof. Drip edge is installed under the ice and water at the eaves and on top of the ice and water and underlayment on the rakes.

This thin, self-adhering membrane is the next part and it gets installed over the drip edge. Ice dam formation is finest avoided by having an appropriate attic vapor barrier, sufficient attic insulation and comprehensive ventilation; nevertheless, an ice security membrane is a wise roofing system component and is likely needed by your regional structure code in cold climates.

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To be totally effective, it should extend up the roofing system to a point a minimum of 24 inside the vertical extension of the interior side of the wall. At this time, any valleys on the roofing system need to likewise be flashed with an ice and water membrane. Why an ice and water protector? Because these membranes work on the principle that their rubberized asphalt finish seals around the shanks of the overlying shingle fasteners, including an extra degree of water-shedding protection.

Both provide you peace-of-mind security underneath the shingles. While the asphalt shingles will be the primary water-shedding roofing system layer, there are many advantages to setting up a roof underlayment. The felt is laid in horizontal courses, overlapping the eave ice and water protector by 4 and the valley membrane flashing by 6.

Bear in mind that drip edge we installed at the bottom of the roof? When increasing the sloped edges of the roofing system (called the "rakes") it goes on top of the underlayment. Although this seems to contradict the overlapping principle, installing the drip edge over the underlayment at the rakes develops a clean roof edge and offers the underlayment attachment with increased resistance against wind uplift.

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IKO's RoofGard-Cool Grey Synthetic Roofing system Underlayment provides your roof secondary layer of security. house shingles. If a roofing system is going to leakage, it will probably occur wherever the shingle layer is permeated, disrupted or satisfies a wall. These are the unique areas that need flashing an added layer of water-shedding material to assist keep the water running downslope.

If your roofing system will have open valleys, which IKO recommends, now is when the valleys need to be lined with a pre-formed width of corrosion-resistant metal. Closed valleys are completed throughout shingle installation. For longer roof efficiency, IKO highly recommends open metal valleys. Total the application of underlayment and valley flashing prior to the roof shingles are applied.

Center a 914 mm (36) width strip of an ice and water protector membrane in the valley. The item is tacked in place momentarily along one edge. Carefully peel away the support, and put it in place, smoothing out any wrinkles. Start working from the eave, enabling extra pieces to overlap by a minimum of 150 mm (6 ).